Piloting social interventions that lead to practical pathways out of disadvantage and transform human capabilities
Within the Life Course Centre, our work in the Social Transformations program focuses on building evidence based policies and practices, with a range of different types of projects: from small scale, highly targeted interventions that test and evaluate new ideas (such as Walk of Life) to upscaling promising approaches that have already showed promise as proof of concept programs (such as the Ability School Engagement Program) to research and evaluation contributions that engage in meaningful and impactful ways with complex, long term and multi-faceted interventions (such as the Every Family Project).
The Life Course Centre Social Transformations program targets a diverse range of high risk correlates and causes of disadvantage such as truancy, early onset offending, teen pregnancy, impulsivity and risk taking, at risk parents (including imprisoned mothers), poor access to quality early childhood education, lack of trust in authorities (including police and schools), lack of financial literacy and poor communication between parents and schools. Each of the Life Course Centre supported social interventions are highly targeted to specific disadvantage risk factors and Life Course Centre teams are using a variety of methods (including systematic reviews, randomised field trials, quasi experiments and process evaluation methods) to develop and test the efficacy of the different programs supported through the Social Transformations portfolio.
The Life Course Centre is deeply committed to working with our industry partners and social service providers across Australia to transform our research and intervention ideas into evidence based social policies and practice that achieve real impact in reducing the causes and correlates of disadvantage
– Program Leader Lorraine Mazerolle
Examining the world’s first randomised field trial of procedural justice policing – Immigrants are often less trusting of police than non-immigrants because they can feel ill-served by police and the laws they enforce. Procedural justice policing has been regarded as central to improving public trust and confidence in police. Using survey data from citizens exposed to the world’s first randomised field trial of procedural justice policing (Queensland Community Engagement Trial), this paper found that trust in police, but not willingness to report crime to police, was higher among those exposed to the procedural justice condition compared to the control condition. Procedural justice had a more positive effect for immigrants, particularly those younger than 26 years of age. This paper was high cited internationally in 2018.
Murphy, K., Mazerolle, L. (2018). Policing immigrants: Using a randomized control trial of procedural justice policing to promote trust and cooperation. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 51(1).
A population approach to the prevention of child abuse and neglect – This paper sets out how the prevention of child maltreatment can be enhanced by a multi-level, population-based approach in providing evidence-based parenting and family support. Such an approach works by reducing the family-related risk factors associated not only with abuse and neglect but also with a broader array of adverse childhood outcomes, through a blended prevention model that combines universal and targeted positive parenting interventions. However, though parenting programs can have a positive impact, participation needs to be normalised, destigmatised, and made widely accessible through concerted government commitment. Recommendations for policy, practice, and research are presented.
Sanders, M., Higgins, D. and Prinz, R. (2018). A population approach to the prevention of child maltreatment Rationale and implications for research, policy and practice. Family Matters, 100: pp. 62-70.
Truancy intervention also reduces impulsivity and antisocial behaviour – This study examines the extent to which a third-party policing experiment designed to prevent truancy in disadvantaged adolescents is able to weaken the effect of impulsivity on self-reported antisocial behaviour over time. Data are used from the Ability School Engagement Program (ASEP), a randomised controlled trial of 102 high truant youth from Brisbane, Australia who were followed for two years post-randomisation. This study, which was among the top two per cent most cited in its field for 2018, provides evidence that an intervention that was designed to prevent truancy has the additional benefit of hindering the relationship between impulsivity and self-reported antisocial behaviour variety.
Cardwell, S.M., Mazerolle, L., Bennett, S. and Piquero, A.R. (2018). Changing the Relationship Between Impulsivity and Antisocial Behavior: The Impact of a School Engagement Program. Crime and Delinquency.