Pasifika Diaspora in Auckland and Brisbane: Review of Literature
Ruth Lute Faleolo
My PhD study focuses on the well-being of Samoan and Tongan groups living in, and moving between, Auckland and Brisbane. This research seeks to capture the voices, perceptions and experiences of these migrants using a mixed methods approach (both qualitative and quantitative data) that incorporates indigenous research methods (Pacific Island frameworks based on cultural knowledge and protocols). This working paper presents a review of literature that is relevant to the focus of the PhD study, concentrating on the Pasifika diaspora in Auckland and Brisbane. This paper is the first of a three-part literature review: (1) Pasifika diaspora; (2) Pasifika well-being; and (3) Pasifika methodology.
The existing literature that touches on the Trans-Tasman migration of Pasifika, originating from New Zealand and migrating to Australia, is largely focused on describing the evolving Trans-Tasman immigration policies and provides an economic and political discussion surrounding the movements of Pasifika between Australia and New Zealand. These discussions consider Pasifika within the broader contexts of New Zealanders participating in Trans-Tasman migration and is largely based on Census data.
The available literature relating to the Pasifika diaspora based in Australia is sparse in comparison to what is available in the New Zealand context. To date, surveys and studies of the Samoan and Tongan diaspora have been undertaken in Victoria and New South Wales. However, according to Queensland-based reports, the Pasifika diaspora residing in Queensland is ‘invisible,’ and inaccurately recorded in data. Therefore, this paper contributes a holistic Pasifika perspective of Trans-Tasman migration between Australia and New Zealand. This paper also contributes an assemblage of information specific to the Samoan and Tongan diaspora groups residing in Queensland. To my knowledge this collation of both qualitative and quantitative data drawn from Australian and New Zealand literature, with a specific focus on Pasifika Trans-Tasman migrants of diaspora residing in Auckland and Brisbane, is the first of its kind.
April 30, 2019